EMS Nature of Work
People’s lives often depend on the quick reaction and competent care of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) and Paramedics (referred to as Mobile Intensive Care Technicians or MICTs in Kansas) - EMTs with additional advanced training to perform more difficult pre-hospital medical procedures.
Incidents that Require EMS Assistance
Incidents as varied as automobile accidents, heart attacks, drowning, childbirth, and gunshot wounds all require immediate medical attention. EMTs and paramedics provide this vital attention as they care for and transport the sick or injured to a medical facility. In an emergency, EMTs and Paramedics typically are dispatched to the scene by a 9-1-1 operator, and in some jurisdictions, often work with Police and Fire Department personnel.
Arriving at the Scene
Once they arrive, they determine the nature and extent of the patient’s condition while trying to ascertain whether the patient has pre-existing medical problems. Following strict rules and guidelines, referred to as protocols, they give appropriate emergency care and, when necessary, transport the patient.
Treating the Patient
Some paramedics are trained to treat patients with minor injuries on the scene of an accident or at their home without transporting them to a medical facility. Emergency treatment for more complicated problems is carried out under the direction of medical doctors by radio preceding or during transport.